Article 5

(2) A cultural object which has been temporarily exported from the territory of the requesting State, for purposes such as exhibition, research or restoration, under a permit issued according to its law regulating its export for the purpose of protecting its cultural heritage and not returned in accordance with the terms of that permit shall be deemed to have been illegally exported.

Article 6

(2) In determining whether the possessor knew or ought reasonably to have known that the cultural object had been illegally exported, regard shall be had to the circumstances of the acquisition, including the absence of an export certificate required under the law of the requesting State.

Article 17

Each Contracting State shall, no later than six months following the date of deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, provide the depositary with written information in one of the official languages of the Convention concerning the legislation regulating the export of its cultural objects. This information shall be updated from time to time as appropriate.

Export Laws

Risultati immagini per IDI IIL Institute de Droit International 

Wiesbaden Resolution on the Application of Foreign Public Law (1975)

Risultati immagini per european union flag European Union

Directive 2014/60/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a Member State and amending Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 (Recast)

Council Regulation (EC) No 116/2009 of 18 December 2008 on the export of cultural goods

Flag of CanadaDrapeau du Canada Canada

Cultural Property Export and Import Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-51)

Risultati immagini per belgium flag Belgium

Loi portant le Code de droit international privé (16 juillet 2004, entrée en vigueur le: 1er octobre 2004)

Risultati immagini per french flag France

LOI n° 2016-731 du 3 juin 2016 renforçant la lutte contre le crime organisé, le terrorisme et leur financement, et améliorant l’efficacité et les garanties de la procédure pénale

Risultati immagini Germany 

Part 3 – Import (Sections 28-30), Act on the Protection of Cultural Property (31 July 2016)

DAS NEUE KULTURGUTSCHUTZGESETZ HANDREICHUNG FÜR DIE PRAXIS

Risultati immagini The Netherlands

Import of cultural property into the Netherlands

Import and Export of Cultural Objects Brochure 

Import Laws

Still today, courts rarely apply automatically export laws promulgated by foreign States. This stems from the public-law character of the measure adopted; foreign domestic courts are reluctant in applying a public law of another foreign State. The application of another sovereign’s public law runs counter to the sovereignty of their own nation.

However, recent European and national initiatives are evidence of increased awareness and attention in this regard.

Risultati immagini per IDI IIL Institute de Droit International 

Wiesbaden Resolution on the Application of Foreign Public Law (1975)

Risultati immagini per european union flag European Union

European proposal to fight illicit trade in cultural goods (July 13, 2017)

“Security Union: Cracking down on the illegal import of cultural goods used to finance terrorism”
European Commission – Press release

Council Regulation (EU) No 36/2012 of 18 January 2012 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Syria and repealing Regulation (EU) No 442/2011

Council Regulation (EC) No 1210/2003 of 7 July 2003 concerning certain specific restrictions on economic and financial relations with Iraq and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2465/96

Flag of CanadaDrapeau du Canada Canada

Cultural Property Export and Import Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-51)

Risultati immagini per french flag France

LOI n° 2015-195 du 20 février 2015 portant diverses dispositions d’adaptation au droit de l’Union européenne dans les domaines de la propriété littéraire et artistique et du patrimoine culturel

Risultati immagini Germany 

Part 2 – Export (Sections 21-27), Act on the Protection of Cultural Property (31 July 2016)

DAS NEUE KULTURGUTSCHUTZGESETZ HANDREICHUNG FÜR DIE PRAXIS

Risultati immagini The Netherlands

Export Licences 

Import and Export of Cultural Objects Brochure